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Term Definition
Implied Employment Contract

An implied contract is a non-written contract that is based on a mutual understanding and expectations between two parties in an employment relationship. An implied employment contract may be established between an employer and employee in several ways. Most often this contract is considered based on (1) the number of years served; (2) performance based on positive evaluations, promotions, salary raises, bonuses; or (3) existing company policies.

Industrial Welfare Commission

Industrial Welfare Commission (IWC) is a part of the Department of Industrial Relations (DIR) and was established to regulate wages, hours and working conditions in California.


A court order preventing one or more named parties from taking some action. A preliminary injunction often is issued to allow fact-finding, so a judge can determine whether a permanent injunction is justified.

Interactive Process

An informal dialogue between the employer and employee used to identify the precise limitations resulting from the disability or other need and determine potential reasonable accommodations that could overcome those limitations or needs.


A form of discovery consisting of written questions to be answered in writing and under oath.