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Term Definition
Physical Impairment

A physical impairment includes any physiological disorder or condition, cosmetic disfigurement, or anatomical loss affecting one or more bodily systems.


A person or business that files a formal complaint with the court.


Written statements filed with the court that describe a party's legal or factual assertions about the case.

Political Affiliation Discrimination

California Labor Code sections 1101 and 1102 prohibit discrimination based on an employee’s political activities.


A court decision in an earlier case with facts and legal issues similar to a dispute currently before a court. Judges will generally "follow precedent" - meaning that they use the principles established in earlier cases to decide new cases that have similar facts and raise similar legal issues. A judge will disregard precedent if a party can show that the earlier case was wrongly decided, or that it differed in some significant way from the current case.

Pregnancy Discrimination

Pregnancy Discrimination includes discrimination because of or on the basis of pregnancy, childbirth, or related medical conditions.


A promotion is the advancement of an employee's rank or position in an organizational hierarchy system. A promotion usually comes with an increase of an employees wage.

Punitive Damages

Damages exceeding simple compensation and awarded to punish the defendant.