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Term Definition

The group of persons selected to hear the evidence in a trial and render a verdict on matters of fact.

Jury instructions

A judge's directions to the jury before it begins deliberations regarding the factual questions it must answer and the legal rules that it must apply.

Labor Code

The California Labor Code, more formally known as "the Labor Code" is a collection of civil law statutes for the State of California. The code is made up of statutes which govern the general obligations and rights of persons within the jurisdiction of the State of California.

Divisions of the Labor Code:


A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty which resulted in harm to the plaintiff.

Letter of Recommendation

A letter of recommendation is a letter in which an employer assesses the qualities, characteristics, and capabilities of the employee being recommended in terms of that individual’s ability to perform a particular job, task or function.


A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.

Make-Up Time

Make-Up Time is when a nonexempt employees is allowed to work hours in excess of an eight-hour day without becoming entitled to daily overtime. This usually is allowed if the employee is making up for hours of work lost due to personal obligations.

Marital Status Discrimination

Marital Status Discrimination involves discrimination based on an individual’s state of marriage, nonmarriage, divorce or dissolution, separation, widowhood, annulment or marital state.

Meal Period

A meal period refers to the time allowed by an employer for their employee to eat lunch. In California, an employer may not employ an employee for a work period of more than five hours per day without providing the employee with a meal period of not less than thirty minutes, except that if the total work period per day of the employee is no more than six hours. There are some exceptions to this general rule.

Mental Impairment

A mental impairment is a mental or psychological disorder, such as emotional or mental illness.

Minimum Wage

Minimum Wage is a floor on the hourly wage that must be paid to nonexempt employees. Such wages are set by local, state and federal law.


A request by a litigant to a judge for a decision on an issue relating to the case.

Motion in Limine

A pretrial motion requesting the court to prohibit the other side from presenting, or even referring to, evidence on matters said to be so highly prejudicial that no steps taken by the judge can prevent the jury from being unduly influenced.

National Labor Relations Act

The National Labor Relations Act (NLRA) prohibits employers from interfering with the rights of nonsupervisory employees to exercise full freedom of association, and self-organization.

National Origin Discrimination

National origin discrimination involves treating applicants or employees unfavorably because they are from a particular country or part of the world, because of ethnicity or accent, or because they appear to be of a certain ethnic background.